Jinnah's leadership and GhandiThe research is about to find out Jinnah’s leadership style. Jinnah was, to some extent, a successful leader in obtaining his goals of becoming the only spokesperson for Muslims in India and gaining a piece of land for Pakistan, nevertheless,  the vital question is, whether these achievements can be attributed to transactional or transformational strategies. Irrespective of Jinnah’s success in obtaining the land for Pakistan, the argument has been made in the research that Jinnah was not neither a charismatic nor a transformational leader but an opportunist. He had no interest in to introduce transformational change in the politics Indo-Pakistan, but to find a prominent place in politics.

Jinnah's leadership with MountbattenIt is argued that he succeeded by playing his political cards cleverly, which helped him to transact deals with other Muslim leaders. Successful transactions helped him to achieve his goal. He himself always considered politics as a game of chess in which one would win if the right moves at the right time were made and he followed this philosophy throughout his political life. Moreover, it was national and international events that provided him with the opportunities to achieve his personal goal to become the sole representative of Muslims of the United India.

Outside of his successful transactions, he miserably failed to bring about the required cognitive change which would set a path to change in the political culture of Indo-Pakistan. In order to gain superior leadership position, he followed the ugly unprincipled politics of regional Muslim leaders , whom he termed as “base-coin” after independence. Besides, the British policy of “divide and rule,” helped Jinnah to be the center figure of the opportunists.

It was a characteristic of Jinnah’s leadership that he merely took extreme political positions and exploited religion to impress upon the Muslims’ psyche to acquire the required support for his agenda, but that does not make him a transformational or charismatic leader. He was indeed successful in dividing India, but it hardly addressed the real issues of the Muslims of the United India. As a matter of fact, Jinnah’s leadership neither brought any benefits to the Muslims who remained in India, who contributed more significantly in making him a leader, nor changed the fate of the common people of the new Muslim State (Pakistan), but he successfully managed to earn the title of Quaid-e-Azam and Father of the Nation after partition.

Yousaf, N (2015): Salient features of Jinnah’s politics, International Journal of Public Leadership Vol. 11 No. 1, 2015 pp. 46-64

Nadeem Yousaf
Uploaded on 28 March 2015