reckless indian mediaPrint and electronic media are always eager to present news in dramatic ways; hence headlines are chosen which are catchy, appealing and haunting for the readers and viewers, respectively.  Sometimes to compete in the industry, media runs news without taking into account the consequence and long term effects. They unwittingly, provide the meaning and direction to the news-makers which is not even known to them. It seems that this has also happened in the independence movement of India, when media played a key role in providing explicit meaning to Lahore Resolution.

Most of the impartial research on independence movement of Pakistan shows that Pakistan was not claimed in 1940 Lahore resolution and it was unclear in its demands.  According to Wolpert (1984), “Pakistan was not explicitly mentioned; nor was it clear form the language of the resolution whether a single Muslim state of both ‘zones’ had been envisioned or two separate ‘autonomous independent states’ one in the Northwest, the other in the Eastern (Bangladesh) Zone.”  Closely examining the resolution depicts, it was seeking stipulation or agreement to secure rights of Muslims living in Hindu Majority provinces than an independent and sovereign Muslim state.

Unwittingly, Indian Hindu and Muslims’ print media changed the contents of the demand next day by printing headlines in the newspapers that pronounced the Lahore resolution as a ‘Pakistan Resolution’  (Wolpert 1984), which to some extent changed the course of history.  Hindu media must have been repenting on their eagerness to making ‘Lahore Resolution’ news as more spicy and thrilling, which partially and unconsciously created room for acceptance of India’s division.

The reporting of media was shrewd and smart from the Muslim League point of view but it was irresponsible and unwise from the principle of the Congress and proponents of United India. If the Hindu media and sponsors of United India would have restricted themselves in reporting and had not cited what was not in the resolution, Jinnah and Muslim League might have faced difficulties in explaining what exactly they were demanding.

Nadeem Yousaf

15 October 2012


Wolpert, S 1984: Jinnah of Pakistan; Oxfort University Press, New York

 Reckless Media Reporting