state development: state is not developed if benfits are not trickled downThe research not only provides a broad definition of state development, but also discusses influence of mission and vision on state development. The crux of the research is that state building, nation building and state development cannot take place without having a proper mission and vision, which is implemented through governance. Merely, erecting institutions, verbal/written pronouncements and slogans will not be sufficient to develop a state without honest implementation. Moreover, it will be a futile exercise if the stated mission and vision do not serve the interests of the grassroots level citizens.

The example of Pakistan as a case has been taken in the research. The research argues that the leadership of pre and post independence of Pakistan failed to give a clear mission and vision. Besides, the leadership hardly showed keen interest in implementing whatever they espoused in the public, whether in writing and/or verbally.

Studying the political history of Pakistan depicts, mission and vision had always been ambiguous since the generation of the idea of securing rights for Muslims in India. Religion, secularism, ethnicity and nationalism were blended in such a way that blurred the picture, which created an identity crisis and chaos after independence. Consequently, Pakistan is still struggling whether it is an Islamic or a Muslim state or religious or secular state; and how these terms should be interpreted.

Due to the fuzzy mission and vision, no consensus has ever evolved, either in pre or post-partition politics, as to what the country should achieve. Consequently, Pakistan has been facing a huge problem in finding the right direction since its birth, though it has tested different models of governing from democracy to dictatorship and from secularism to Islamization. Since there was no clear mission and vision, consequently all models of governance failed to give a direction to the country.

Over the period of time, the country has become a land of opportunity for all sorts of national and international evils and conspiracies. A vacuum of an appropriate clear mission and vision has made it easier for the opportunists to promote their vested interest agenda in the name of the people and the state. Due to vested interest politics, the leadership was unwilling to develop solid and stable policies and practices, which could develop the state in a real sense and strengthened the state and nation building process. The three constitutions, more or less introduced a cosmetic change without bringing the required changes in the behavior of political and bureaucratic leadership. Due to corrupt practices, all institutions failed to deliver and serve the citizens and the state of Pakistan. Owing to the absence of a clear mission and vision, Pakistani political and bureaucratic leadership continued to act like a colonial government of “viceroy” than the local leaders, where the laws of the country are not treated more than a tissue paper.

The current situation is not very promising because nothing is clear as to what Pakistan wishes to achieve in the future. Hence, the level of dissatisfaction and feelings of insecurity has been increasing at the mass level. A strong fear has generated that Pakistan may experience a further disintegration or a chaos in the future around 2020, if the political and civil and military leadership failed to give a clear mission and vision and implement it with honesty and sincerity.

Nadeem Yousaf


Yousaf, N., 2016, Influence of mission and vision on the state development: a case of Pakistan, International Journal of Public Leadership, Vol. 12 No. 1, 2016 pp. 52-72

Salient features of Jinnah’s politics